Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art Centre

The starting point for the design was “Extraordinary experiences for ordinary users”, with the aim of creating a new type of cultural centre. The SCAC, Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art Centre, similar in size to the Sydney Opera House, is on the south-eastern coast, in a major commercial area between Hong Kong and Shanghai and it is the world first's ceramic theatre and concert hall.

Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreThe complex 3D sidewalls of the opera hall have been carefully shaped to optimise the coverage of early lateral reflections towards the audience in the parterre and on the balconies. In addition, the ceiling has been made partially open in order to couple the upper acoustic volume above the reflectors to the main acoustic volume.
 
The ceiling reflector above the orchestra pit has been shaped to complete the early reflection coverage to the audience and to the musicians in the orchestra pit.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreFree-formed shapes continued into cave-like tunnels connect the foyer of the opera hall with the 3 levels.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreConvex and concave curvatures have been combined together into a unique wall sculpture that behaves like a large and efficient acoustic reflector.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreConvex and concave curvatures have been combined together into a unique wall sculpture that behaves like a large and efficient acoustic reflector. On this wall sculpture a mild diffusion pattern has been superimposed in the form of 8 mm thick flower shaped ceramic tiles, softening the high frequency reflections to create a more round and warm sound and avoid harshness that could arise from flat ceramic surfaces.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreThe ceiling reflector above the orchestra pit has been shaped to complete the early reflection coverage to the audience and to the musicians in the orchestra pit.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreConcert hall: Two levels of convexly curved inclined walls surround the orchestra and the audience, creating a multitude of early lateral and enveloping reflections.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreConcert hall : Reflective ceiling pendants with integrated LED-lighting suspended above the stage and above the audience provide additional acoustic reflections to all audience members as well as acoustic support to the musicians on stage. Their size and curvature were defined in order to preserve an appropriate balance between low and high frequency reflected sound.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreConcert hall: Specific zones of these walls (those creating late reflections) are treated with a diffusive acoustic treatment consisting of a pseudorandom pattern of protruding ceramic tiles. The flat ones enhance reflection and the angulated 3D shaped ones are for diffusion.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Fuzhou Strait Culture and Art CentreThese five “Jasmine Petal” or white-coloured ceramic tiles clad the exterior of the SCAC or Strait Culture and Art Centre of the city of Fuzhou.
© Marc Goodwin, PES-Architects
Technische Details

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Ort   Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China.

Baukosten   2 billion Yuan (approx. 320 million €).

Zeitrahmen   Competition: 2014. Design: 2014-2015. Construction: 2015-2017. Opening: Oktober 2018.

Bauherr   Mawei New Town construction Development Co. Ltd.

Architekt(en)   PES-Arkkitehdit Oy, Helsinki, in collaboration with China Construction Engineering Design Group Corp, Fu.

Zahl der Sitzplätze   The Fuzhou culture centre comprises an opera house with 1 660 seats (based on the Italian horseshoe theatre), a concert hall with 1 000 seats (based on the vineyard paradigm), a multifunctional theatre with 700 seats (shoebox hall), an art exhibition building, a movie centre, and commercial premises. Gross floor: 151 821 m².

Nutzung   The opera house hosts Chinese and classical Western operas. The concert hall hosts classical and amplified music performances. The multifunctional theatre holds conferences, theatre (trade), and shows and amplified music concerts.

Leistungsumfang   Room acoustic design for the main performance spaces (1 000 seat concert hall and 1 600 seat opera hall), from competition to final design.

Beteiligte Berater   Eckhard Kahle, Thomas Wulfrank, Yann Jurkiewicz and Juan Óscar García Gómez, Kahle Acoustics. In collaboration with Henrik Möller, Akukon Oy, Helsinki, and Wang Jing Bo (TJAD, Tongji University).

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